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Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development, or deprivation”

Violence can be:

Collective violence is committed for a particular social outcome includes, for example, crimes of hate committed by organized groups, terrorist acts and mob violence.

War is a state of prolonged violent large-scale conflict involving two or more groups of people, usually under the auspices of government. It is the most extreme form of collective violence.

Political violence includes war and related violent conflicts, state violence and similar acts carried out by larger groups. Economic violence includes attacks by larger groups motivated by economic gain – such as attacks carried out with the purpose of disrupting economic activity, denying access to essential services, or creating economic division and fragmentation.

Violence is never respectful of the ‘other’ and as such is unloving, and was opposed by the founders of most major world religions. The UN, and most religions publicly stand against war, however most supporters of war call upon their own perception of the divine to protect them, which contradicts the concept of  ‘God is Love’.

Globally, violence resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1.28 million people in 2013.

See also: War, Domination

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