Holism is the idea that parts of a whole are in intimate interconnection, such that they cannot exist independently of the whole, or cannot be understood without reference to the whole, which is thus regarded as greater than the sum of its parts.
Holism is the reality that emerges only when all the parts are put together but can’t be Individually located, labeled, or identified at a smaller, component, parts level.
Hierarchy is about parts, and your body is made of lots of them;
proteins that run into each other a billion times a second,
Karma is a term about the cycle of cause and effect. According to the theory of Karma, what happens to a person, happens because they caused it with their actions. It is an important part of many religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism
In terms of spiritual development, Karma is about all that a person has done, is doing and will do. Karma is not about punishment or reward.
It makes a person responsible for their own life, and how they treat other people.
Karma is basically energy. One person throws out energy through thoughts, words and actions, and it comes back, in time, through other people.