1 The original term ‘judgment’ relates to an official decision of a court given at the end of a trial. In civil cases, a judgment determines the respective rights and claims of the parties involved. In criminal cases, judgment includes the pronouncement of guilt (or its absence) and, if the defendant is convicted, the sentence or decision of punishment.
2 The reason this word is included in this spiritual glossary is because some religions, notably Christianity and Islam, have dogma (religious laws) which assert that their God is a judge who will punish those who are found guilty of not following the religious laws and/or faith. Both (a total of 56% of humans today) assert that the other religion is incorrect, and that all other religions are not entitled to the grace/forgiveness for mistakes granted only to their followers. So their understanding of judgment/punishment is very judgmental of other humans and each other. (see meaning 3 below)
e.g. Whoever disregards the law shall bear a burden [of punishment] on the Day of Resurrection, remaining in it [forever]. Evil is their burden on the Day of Resurrection (Islamic Koran chapter 20, verse 100)
These religions claim punishment (or condemnation) for not following their religion is to be extreme and forever, after death. Though both arose from a Jewish background, it is this dogma that spawned a non-Jewish concept of hell (a place of torment and punishment after death), and consequently the word judgment has come to mean for those of these faiths a divine punishment for sin (Sin being anything less than perfection).
3 Judgment is also an important issue in a moral or virtue sense. Self judgment and personal judgement of others seems to be universally considered detrimental, as it assumes one person, the judge, has a right to criticize and punish. This difficult role is assigned in society to a judge or magistrate, but it is reliant on the concept of right and wrong, and the impartiality of the judge. In practice both assumptions are flawed.
Jesus (who is a prophet in both Christianity and Islam) said “Don’t judge, and you will not be judged.”
Tyler Henry – a young person’s view of judgment and hell