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- a collectively-inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that is universally present, in individual psyches, as in Jungian psychology
- a recurrent symbol or motif in literature, art, or mythology.
Carl Jung observed that myths and religions
contain common themes and entities: for example, images of the mother, father, wife, husband, lover, fool, devil
, shadow, hero, saviour, and many others.
The stories woven from these beings, as gods
, goddesses, semi-mortals, heroes, and demons, constitute the myths and religious stories of humankind.
Carl Jung thought that these myths about such archetypal entities constitute the ‘dreams’ of cultures
, and that the stories and archetypes originate in the dreams and fantasies of individuals.
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A frequent critic of Christianity, he nevertheless said, “what happens in the life
happens always and everywhere, as Christ
is the archetype of the self, the archetype of the God